AskDefine | Define entomb

Dictionary Definition

entomb v : place in a grave or tomb; "Stalin was buried behind the Kremlin wall on Red Square"; "The pharaos were entombed in the pyramids"; "My grandfather was laid to rest last Sunday" [syn: bury, inhume, inter, lay to rest]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Verb

  1. to deposit in a tomb

Translations

Extensive Definition

For the New York prison see The Tombs. A Tomb is a repository for the remains of the dead. The term generally refers to any structurally enclosed interment space or burial chamber, of varying sizes. The word is used in a broad sense to encompass a number of such types of places of interment or, occasionally, burial, including:
  • Burial vaults – stone or brick-lined underground spaces for interment (rather than burial), originally vaulted, often privately owned for specific family groups; usually beneath a religious building such as a church or in a churchyard or cemetery
  • Monuments – within a church (or tomb-style chests in a churchyard) may be places of interment, but this is unusual; they more commonly stand over the grave or burial vault rather than containing the actual body and are therefore not tombs
  • Crypts – often, though not always, for interment; similar to burial vaults but usually for more general public interment
  • Martyrium - final resting place for the remains of a martyr or saint, such as San Pietro in Montorio
  • Mausolea (including ancient pyramids in some countries) – external free-standing structures, above ground, acting as both monument and place of interment, usually for individuals or family groups
  • Megalithic tombs (including Chamber tombs) – prehistoric places of interment, often for large communities, constructed of large stones and originally covered with an earthen mound
  • Sarcophagi – stone containers for bodies or coffins, often decorated and perhaps part of a monument; these may stand within religious buildings or greater tombs or mausolea
  • Sepulchres – cavernous, rock-cut or stone-built (often underground) spaces for interment, such as the tombs of ancient Egypt; however, it is generally used to refer to similar Jewish or Christian structures.
  • Architectural shrines – in Christianity, an architectural shrine above a saint's first place of burial, as opposed to a similar shrine on which stands a reliquary or feretory into which the saint's remains have been transferred
  • Other forms of archaeological 'tombs' such as ship burials
As indicated, tombs are generally located in or under religious buildings, such as churches, or in cemeteries or churchyards. However, they may also be found in catacombs, on private land or, in the case of early or pre-historic tombs, in what is today open landscape.
The tomb of Emperor Nintoku (the 16th emperor of Japan) is the largest in the world by area. However, the Pyramid of Khufu in Egypt is the largest by volume.
entomb in Czech: Hrobka
entomb in German: Grabmal
entomb in Modern Greek (1453-): Τάφος
entomb in Esperanto: tombo
entomb in Spanish: Tumba
entomb in French: Tombe
entomb in Japanese: 墓
entomb in Korean: 무덤
entomb in Dutch: Graftombe
entomb in Polish: Grobowiec
entomb in Portuguese: Tumba
entomb in Slovak: Hrobka
entomb in Swedish: Gravvård
entomb in Thai: ที่เก็บศพ
entomb in Classical Chinese: 墓
entomb in Chinese: 墓穴
entomb in Simple English: tomb

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

bottle up, box in, box up, bury, cabin, casket, cloister, closet, coffin, conduct a funeral, confine, cramp, crib, encase, encoffin, ensepulcher, enshrine, hearse, immure, inearth, inhume, inter, inurn, lay away, lay to rest, plant, put, sepulcher, sepulture, shrine, straiten, tomb
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